Confucius is a speculative social ideal, an instructive complex of virtues. This ideal became obligatory for imitation, will come nearer to it was a point of honor and social prestige especially for those, representatives of the highest estate of scientists-officials, professional bureaucrats administrators who since an era Han (III century BC) began to operate the Chinese konfutsialny interiya.
Confucianism gave to a cult of ancestors a deep meaning of a symbol special. About also turned it into a foremost duty of each Chinese. Confucius developed the doctrine about Xiao, sons of respect. Xiao's sense – whether to serve parents by rules, whether to bury them by rules and whether to sacrifice to them by rules.
Call of duty is, as a rule, caused by knowledge and the highest principles, but not calculation. "The noble person thinks of a debt, the low person cares of benefit," – Confucius learned. He also developed also some other concepts, including fidelity and sincerity (Zheng), (whether) decency and observance of ceremonies and ceremonies.
Final and and the prime target of management Confucius proclaimed interests of the people. One thus they were convinced that its interests are unclear and inaccessible to the people and – managers it cannot do without guardianship of educated Confucians in any way: "The people it is necessary to force to go a due way, but it is not necessary to explain, why."
Strict obedience by the senior was one of important bases of a social order, according to Confucius. Blind obedience his ox, to the word, desire is an elementary norm for younger, the subordinate, the citizen both within the state in general, and in the ranks of a clan, a family. Confucius reminded that the state is a big family, and a family the small state.
The Confucian cult of ancestors and Xiao's norm promoted blossoming of a cult of a family and clan. The family was considered as a core of society, interests of a family much more surpassed interests of the individual. From here and constant tendency to growth of a family. At favorable economic opportunities aspiration to cohabitation of close relatives sharply prevailed over separatist bents. Arose a powerful branched clan and the relatives holding the friend the friend and occupying time the whole village.